Structure of the whole text

Academic tests, such as essays, can be structured in different ways, but the overall structure usually contains three elements often referred to as Introduction, Body and Conclusion, where the introduction and conclusion sections serve to frame the body of the essay, which can contain different sections.

A standard format for analytical and argumentative essays is the so-called three-part essay. In the Introduction, the reader is introduced to the topic that will be discussed and to the argument that will be presented. After the Introduction, follows theBody, which is themain part of the text. In the Body, the discussion/analysis is carried out and the results are presented. In the last part of the essay, the Conclusion, the argument is summed up and conclusions are drawn. Read more about the three-part essay format here:

A more formalised text format is the IMRaD structure (Introduction - Method - Results - and Discussion), where the body part of the text consists of two sections referred to as Method and Results. The concluding part of research articles written according to the IMRaD format is called Discussion, and has a slightly different set-up than the Conclusion of the three-part essay. For more information on the IMRD structure, see

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